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How To Choose The Best Lithium Battery for Electric Forklifts?

Views: 2     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-04-15      Origin: Site


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Electric forklifts are the most commonly used equipment in the logistics industry, which not only helps workers easily move and stack goods, but also enables more efficient and safe production for various high-altitude operations. Forklift batteries have attracted much attention as a DC power source for equipment such as forklifts, tractors, handling vehicles, and underground mining locomotives.

Forklifts can continue to serve us, in addition to daily maintenance and upkeep, the important thing is the selection of forklift batteries. High quality electric forklift batteries have abundant power, strong endurance, longer battery life, and greatly improve forklift efficiency. So, how to choose the best lithium battery for electric forklift?

lithium battery for electric forklifts

Types of electric forklift batteries

Electric forklift batteries mainly include lead-acid batteries and lithium batteries. These batteries each have their own characteristics and are suitable for different working environments and needs.

Lead acid batteries are one of the most traditional and commonly used types of batteries for electric forklifts. It uses lead plates and sulfuric acid electrolyte, with lower energy density and specific energy, but relatively lower cost. The advantages of lead-acid batteries are maturity, stability, long service life, and the ability to cycle charge and discharge multiple times.

Lithium batteries, as an emerging battery technology, are gradually emerging in the field of electric forklifts and are also known as lead-acid substitutes. Lithium batteries have a higher energy density and specific energy, and compared to lead-acid batteries, they have lighter weight and longer service life. Meanwhile, lithium batteries also have advantages such as no memory effect and fast charging, which can effectively improve the efficiency of electric forklifts.

Characteristics of lead-acid batteries and lithium batteries

When unable to choose between these two types of batteries, you need to consider the difference between the two:

Energy density: The energy density of lithium batteries is higher than that of lead-acid batteries, which means that under the same weight, lithium batteries can store more electricity and provide longer range.

Volume and weight: Due to its small size and light weight, lithium batteries have advantages in mobile devices, making them more compact and portable. Generally, lead-acid batteries weigh about five times the weight of lithium batteries.

Charging time and charging method: The charging time of lead-acid batteries is relatively short, usually about 2-3 hours, and the charging method is simple. The charging time of lithium batteries is relatively long, taking several hours to fully charge, and the temperature during charging is high, requiring the use of professional charging equipment.

Lifetime: Lead acid batteries have a relatively short lifespan of around 400 times and require regular maintenance and replacement. The average lifespan of lithium batteries is relatively long, generally exceeding 3000 times, but it is necessary to pay attention to the correct charging and usage methods.

Voltage and current: The nominal voltage of lead-acid batteries is 2.0V, and the nominal voltage of individual lithium batteries is 3.6V. In addition, the charging current of lead-acid batteries is generally larger, while the charging current of lithium batteries is relatively smaller.

Environmental friendliness: Heavy metals such as lead and cadmium in lead-acid batteries can cause certain pollution to the environment and require recycling and treatment. The raw materials of lithium batteries are green and environmentally friendly, non-toxic and pollution-free, and the waste batteries after use can be recycled.

Price: Due to the complexity of lithium battery technology, its price is relatively high. The price of lead-acid batteries is relatively low, and they have a higher cost-effectiveness.

Working environment: Lithium ion batteries are more capable of withstanding extreme temperatures than lead-acid batteries.


Types of existing electric forklift equipment

You need to understand the specifications of the electric forklift model, including voltage and battery pack size. Counterweight and rated capacity (AH) are also key information that needs to be mastered.


Another important consideration is your OEM industrial charger. Lithium ion batteries typically charge faster and do not require a cooling period. No matter which type of battery you choose, you can control costs by selecting batteries that are compatible with existing charging systems.


Professional lithium battery manufacturer

Choosing and purchasing suitable electric forklift batteries may require a significant amount of effort and time. Choosing a lithium battery supplier can provide professional information to determine which type of battery is most suitable for your specific equipment, as well as the trade-offs and necessary conditions for your specific truck and operation.



In summary, when purchasing electric forklift batteries, we will definitely consider many factors. When choosing lead-acid batteries and lithium batteries, we need to comprehensively consider specific application scenarios and needs. If you need high energy density, longer range, and lighter equipment, you can choose lithium batteries. If you need shorter charging time and lower cost, you can choose lead-acid batteries. The quality of high-quality forklift batteries can directly affect the performance of forklifts and promote customer trust in lithium batteries, adding value to your products and winning market recognition.

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